The Chinese Proficiency Test(HSK)
Standards of HSK
Release time:2012-07-31 Browse:
 

HSK (Basic) scoring system

1 A section score of HSK (Basic) is a scale score between 0 and 100, with 50 as the score mean and 15 as the standard deviation. The total score ranges between 0 and 300 as the total of the section scores. The section scores show the relative position of the candidate in a standard sample group. And the table below helps to locate the relative position of a candidate in the whole group. The second line indicates the percentage occupied by those whose scores are lower than the corresponding scores in the standard HSK reference group.

HSK (Basic) Section Scores and the Percentage

Section score

100

76

67

60

55

50

45

40

33

24

Percentage

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10


2 Score levels and certificate grades are determined by the total score and the criterion for different grades are as follows:

Certificate Types and Grades

Score Levels

Total Score Ranges

Types

Grades

Basic Level

C

Level 1

100-154

B

Level 2

155-209

A

Level 3

210-300


3 The precondition to be awarded a certificate is that the total score must reach the minimal within the score range.

4 Interpretation of the score levels:

There are three score levels for HSK (Basic) and their interpretations are as follows:

Level 1: The candidate has acquired the basic (low) Chinese competence. The candidate is able to understand simple sentences and express simple ideas and capable of simple communication in his or her daily life and study. A Chinese learner who has mastered about 600 common Chinese characters and the corresponding grammar can reach this standard, which is also the criterion for HSK (Basic) Certificate Grade C.

Level 2: The candidate has acquired the basic (middle) Chinese competence that can meet the demand of basic daily life, a certain range of social communication and study to some degree. This is the criterion for HSK (Basic) Certificate Grade B.

Level 3: The candidate has acquired the basic (higher) Chinese competence and can fulfill the minimal requirements in Chinese proficiency to be admitted to study in Science, Engineering, Agriculture, and West Medicine in Chinese universities for a Bachelor’s Degree. This is also the criterion to grant HSK (Basic) Certificate Grade A, which is equivalent to HSK (Elementary) Certificate Grade C.

HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) Scoring System

1 About the scores of HSK (Elementary-Intermediate)

A section score of HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) is a scale score with 50 as the score mean and 15 as the standard deviation, while the total score is a scale score with 200 as the score mean and 60 the standard deviation. These scores show the relative position of the candidate in a standard sample group. The table below helps to locate the relative position of a candidate in the whole group. The right column indicates the percentage occupied by those whose scores are lower than the corresponding scores in the standard HSK reference group. Therefore, as it shows, the total score of HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) is not simply an add-up of the section scores.

Scores

Percentage

Total Score

Section Score

400

100

99

277

69

90

250

63

80

231

58

70

215

54

60

200

50

50

185

46

40

169

42

30

150

37

20

123

31

10


2 Score ranges for each section of HSK (Elementary-Intermediate)

Grades

Listening

Grammar

Reading

Cloze Test

Bottom Line

29-37

28-36

30-38

28-36

Level 3

38-46

37-45

39-47

37-45

Level 4

47-55

46-54

48-56

46-54

Level 5

56-64

55-63

57-65

55-63

Level 6

65-73

64-72

66-74

64-72

Level 7

74-82

73-81

75-83

73-81

Level 8

83-100

82-100

84-100

82-100


There is a bottom line set below Level 3 for HSK (Elementary) purely out of the convenience to set a criterion for awarding certificates but not to assess the basic proficiency levels. Scores within this range are not eligible for HSK Certificate (Elementary).

3 HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) Certificate Grades and Score Levels

Certificate Types and Grades

Score Levels

Total Score Ranges

Types

Grades

The Elementary Certificate

C

Level 3

152-188

B

Level 4

189-225

A

Level 5

226-262

The Intermediate Certificate

C

Level 6

263-299

B

Level 7

300-336

A

Level 8

337-400


4 Interpretation of the HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) score levels

Level 3: The candidate has the elementary (low) competence in Chinese. A candidate at this level can gain HSK Elementary Certificate Grade C, which is prescribed by the Ministry of Education as the minimal level in Chinese proficiency for an international student to study in a Bachelor’s Degree programme in science, engineering, agriculture and western medicine in a Chinese college or university.

Level 4: The candidate has the elementary (middle) competence in Chinese and can gain the HSK Elementary Certificate Grade B

Level 5: The candidate has the elementary (high) competence in Chinese and can be granted the HSK Elementary Certificate Grade A.

Level 6: The candidate has acquired the intermediate (low) competence in Chinese and can get the HSK Intermediate Certificate Grade C.

Level 7: The candidate has the intermediate (high) Chinese language competence and is eligible for the HSK Intermediate Certificate Grade B.

Level 8: The candidate has acquired the intermediate (high) Chinese language competence and can be awarded the HSK Intermediate Certificate Grade A.

Prerequisites to be awarded the HSK Certificate

1 The total score should be higher than the minimal level in the related grade.

2 Three of the four section scores shall exceed the minimal level in the related grade.

3 One of the four section scores is allowed to be less than the minimal level in the related grade, but shall not be less by more than one level. If so, one can only get a certificate of the lower grade.

The above three preconditions are set in an effort to encourage the all round development in all aspects of language skills, and an imbalanced development in certain language skills will affect the candidate in getting an HSK certificate.

HSK (Advanced) Scoring System

1 About the scores of HSK (Advanced)

A section score of HSK (Advanced) is a scale score with 50 as the score mean and 15 as the standard deviation. These scores show the relative position of the candidate in a standard sample group. The table below helps to locate the relative position of a candidate in the whole group. The second line Indicates the percentage occupied by those whose scores are lower than the corresponding scores in the standard HSK reference group.

HSK Section score

100

69

63

58

54

50

46

42

37

31

Percentage

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10


2 HSK (Advanced) Certificate Grades and Score Levels

Certificate Types and Grades

Score Levels

Score Ranges

Types

Grades

Listening

Reading

Cloze

Writing

The Oral Test

Total

 

Bottom line

46-57

42-53

42-53

46-57

44-55

220-279

The HSK (Advanced) Certificate

C

9

58-69

54-65

54-65

58-69

56-67

280-339

B

10

70-81

66-77

66-77

70-81

68-79

340-399

A

11

82-100

78-100

78-100

82-100

80-100

400-500


There is a bottom line established below Level 9 for HSK (Advanced) mainly out of the need to set a criterion for awarding certificates and not to assess the basic, elementary or intermediate proficiency levels. Therefore, scores in this range is of no reference to determining the basic, elementary or intermediate Chinese proficiency levels.

3 Interpretation of the score levels of HSK (Advanced)

There are 11 score levels in HSK, of which Level 3 to 5 signifying the basic, Level 6 to 8 the elementary and intermediate and Level 9 to 11 the advanced.

Level 9 The candidate has the advanced (low) Chinese language competence, which can be acquired after 3000 hours or more of regular modern Chinese language learning (or other Chinese learning experience equivalent to this). And this is the minimal standard to be qualified for the jobs requiring using Chinese for communication and the standard by which the HSK (Advanced) Certificate Grade C is awarded.

Level 10 The candidate has acquired the advanced (middle) Chinese language competence. This is the moderate standard to be qualified for the jobs requiring using Chinese as the communication language and the standard by which the HSK (Advanced) Certificate Grade B is obtained.

Level 11 The candidate has possessed the advanced (high) Chinese language competence. This is the higher standard to be qualified for the jobs requiring using Chinese for communication and to be viewed as being qualified for a translator at the intermediate level. And it is the standard as well by which the HSK (Advanced) Certificate Grade A is conferred.

Prerequisites to be awarded the HSK Certificate

1 The total score should be higher than the minimal level in the related grade.

2 Three of the four section scores, namely, listening, reading, writing and the oral test, shall exceed the minimal level in the related grade.

3 Two of the five section scores is allowed to be less than the minimal level in the related grade (only one of the section scores in listening, reading, writing and the oral test is allowed to be lower, however), but shall not be less by more than one level. If so, one can only get a certificate of the lower grade.

4 None of the section scores should be lower than the bottom line level under Grade C.

(Borrowed from: http://www.hsk.org.cn/index_e.aspx)
 

All rights reserved Sponsored by Wuxi Municipal People's Government Office

Technical Support: Wuxi WangDao  Network Support: Wuxi Mobile  Security Support: Jiangsu Jun'an Detection